Medu Vada (or Uddina Vade in Karnataka): Probably the best-known version prepared with a batter that blends raw rice, boiled rice and urad dal. The vada is usually served with sambar and chutneys. However, there are minor variations across regions like the Minappa Garelu in Andhra Pradesh that is crispier and eaten with a chicken curry. Most restaurants and homes add their customary touches – like whole pepper corns or finely chopped onions.
Soaked versions of the Medu Vada: From Mosaru Vade (soaked in curd) in Karnataka to Sambar Vadai and Rasa Vadai in Tamil Nadu, the soaked versions of the Vada are equally popular at restaurants and wedding feasts. The curd vada is soaked in a ‘tempered’ curd (with mustard seeds) and garnished with coriander (and occasionally grated carrot). It’s different from the North Indian version of Dahi Vada that is usually crafted with sweet yoghurt.
Masala Vada: Kerala’s favourite teatime snack (it’s called Parippu Vada here) is crunchier than the Medu Vada and is made with tur dal. This vada doesn’t really require any accompaniments – one reason why it’s stocked (sometimes even in Jars) at tea stalls in Kerala and Tamil Nadu. It’s not uncommon to find a version in some parts of Karnataka that uses dill leaves to add a distinctive flavour. There’s also Keerai (Spinach) Vadai in Tamil Nadu where spinach leaves or even drumstick leaves are blended to add flavour and extra goodness to the vada.Maddur Vada: It is almost a ritual to make a customary stop at Maddur every time I drive from Bengaluru to Mysuru. Maddur is a small town that has lent its name to one of Karnataka’s most popular dishes. It’s also my favourite version of the Vada. Rice flour, rava and maida are combined with finely chopped onion, curry leaves and grated coconut. The vada is actually fried twice – the ingredients are roasted first before they are blended with water to make a soft dough and then deep fried till the vade turns golden brown.Pepper Vada: I remember calling it the ‘Hanuman Vada’ when I was a child. This extra crisp vada is a favourite temple ‘prasad’ at many Hanuman temples where Lord Hanuman statues are adorned with garlands strung together with pepper vada. It’s tough to get the consistency right – it ends up being too hard sometimes, the trick is to use just the right amount of water in the batter made with urad dal and pepper. Just like the Maddur Vade, this version has a longer shelf life (at least a couple of days).
Thavala Vadai: A popular variation in many parts of Southern Tamil Nadu including Chettinad, the Thavala Vadai brings together raw rice, boiled rice and four varieties of dal (Tur, Channa, Moong and Urad). The other distinctive element of this vada are the tiny pieces of coconut in almost every bite.