Kansas legislators passed an education funding plan Friday night after top Republicans rewrote it to gain broad, bipartisan support so that it would satisfy a court mandate and end a looming threat that public schools across the state might shut down.
The votes were 116-6 in the House and 38-1 in the Senate, sending the measure to Republican Gov. Sam Brownback, who told reporters he would sign it. The GOP-dominated Legislature met for two days in a special session forced by a state Supreme Court ruling on education funding in May.Lawmakers struggled with how to pay for a $38 million increase in aid to poor school districts for 2016-17 in a dispute that ultimately focused on less than 1% of what the state already spends. Mr. Brownback said lawmakers did “a fantastic job.
“When I called the special session, my effort was focused on making sure that we could get something to pass that would satisfy the court and keep them from closing the schools down,” he said. “That will happen.”Kansas is embroiled in a lawsuit filed by four school districts, and legislators were fashioning a one-year funding fix ahead of a potentially more contentious legal and political battle over schools next year. The immediate issue was complying with the Supreme Court’s mandate to make the distribution of state aid fairer to poor school districts.
“I think that solves the problem,” said John Robb, an attorney for four school districts suing the state over education funding. “We should be able to put that chapter behind us.”With Kansas facing a continuing budget crunch, lawmakers avoided increasing overall state spending by diverting money from other corners of state government to schools. The Republican plan approved by lawmakers relies less on reshuffling of existing education funds than a previous GOP plan.
The plan had endorsements from school districts that both stood to gain and lose some aid. Mr. Robb said they and the state expect to send a joint statement to the court that its order had been satisfied.“Everybody ought to be just warm and fuzzy about it,” said House Speaker Ray Merrick, a Stilwell Republican.
GOP leaders’ first plan cleared committees in both chambers Thursday. But dissension among Republicans forced Mr. Merrick to send the plan back to committee for a rewrite.A sense of urgency came from the Supreme Court’s warning in its recent ruling that schools might not be able to reopen after June 30 if lawmakers didn’t make further changes. Many have programs, serve meals to poor children and provide services to special education students during the summer.
The state has been in and out of legal battles over education funding for decades, and the latest round began with a lawsuit filed in 2010 by the Dodge City, Hutchinson, Wichita and Kansas City, Kan., school districts. Kansas spends more than $4 billion a year on aid to its schools.
The Supreme Court ruled in May that the education funding system remains unfair to poor schools, despite three rounds of changes over the past three years.The court is considering separately whether Kansas spends enough overall on its schools and could rule by early next year. Mr. Brownback and GOP legislative leaders already have committed to overhauling the education funding system next year.
The state’s fiscal woes complicated education funding issues. Kansas has struggled to balance its budget since GOP lawmakers slashed personal income taxes in 2012 and 2013 at Mr. Brownback’s urging to stimulate the economy. State tax collections have fallen short of expectations 10 of the 12 past months, something the governor blames on slumps in agriculture, energy production and aircraft manufacturing.
The plan approved Friday taps motor vehicle fees, dips into the state’s share of a national legal settlement with tobacco companies in the 1990s and captures funds from selling the assets of a state economic development agency to private investors.Legislative researchers said 77 of the state’s 286 districts would lose some aid; 169 would gain; and 40 would see no change. Under GOP leaders’ first plan, 141 districts would have lost some aid.