India had in April appealed against a WTO panel’s ruling that the country’s power purchase agreements with solar firms are inconsistent with international norms. The appellate body can uphold, modify or reverse legal findings and conclusions of a panel and its reports. If the body’s ruling goes against India, the country will have to comply with the order in six-seven months.
The US had won a ruling against India at the WTO in February after challenging the rules on the origin of solar cells and solar modules used in India’s national solar power programme. Such a move prompted India to point at violations of some of the WTO provisions by the US in the latter’s own renewable energy sector. India also decided to file 16 cases against the US at the WTO, as certain US programmes in the renewable energy sector are “inconsistent” with the WTO norms.