Dermatologists define sensitive skin as very dry skin, which is prone to skin reactions such as pustules, skin bumps or skin erosion and has a tendency toward blushing and skin flushing. Excessively dry skin can no longer protect nerve endings, thus leading to sensitive skin reactions.

In addition to dryness, some other causes of sensitive skin reactions are skin disorders or allergic skin reactions, such as eczema, rosacea or allergic contact dermatitis.

Excessive exposure to environmental factors like sun and wind or excessive heat or cold can also cause sensitive skin to react. Underlying factors as well as genetics may cause your skin to have increased sensitivity.

Sensitive skin reacts badly to sunlight, chemicals in skin care products, excessive use of makeup and dehydration.Plus, it is more prone to dryness, itchiness and redness. The degree of sensitivity varies from person to person.

Since such skin is highly reactive and delicate, it needs extra care and special attention. Taking care of sensitive skin requires patience, but once you know how to take care of it, nothing can prevent you from enjoying healthy, glowing skin.

Those who have sensitive skin must start their day with a glass of lemon water. The vitamin C as well as other antioxidants in lemon help combat free-radical damage. In addition, lemon water purges toxins from your blood, which helps keep the skin glowing and free from acne, blemishes, wrinkles and other problems.

To make lemon water, squeeze the juice from ½ lemon into a glass of lukewarm water. Add a little raw honey and drink it on an empty stomach every morning. Wait at least 30 minutes, then enjoy your breakfast.

In addition, drink water throughout the day at regular intervals to keep your skin hydrated and moisturized from within. It also helps the body flush out toxins.

Sunscreen is very important to protect sensitive skin from harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays from the sun. As most sunscreens contain toxic ingredients or endocrine-disrupting chemicals that may harm sensitive skin, use a sunscreen with ingredients like zinc oxide and titanium dioxide.

These ingredients offer broad-spectrum protection without causing any side effects. It is best to go for a physical or mineral formula. Also, stick to a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30, which blocks 97 percent of UV rays.

Be it summer, winter or cloudy days, do not leave your house without using a sunscreen. Apply it 20 to 30 minutes before you go out in the sun.