Authorities say Roof, 22, fatally shot participants at a Wednesday night Bible study at Emanuel African Methodist Episcopal Church on June 17, 2015. Three people were wounded.
Roof said he picked the church, known as Mother Emanuel, because he wanted to provoke a race war. Roof is white and all the victims were black.
He faces trials in federal and state courts, with the federal trial happening first.
What happens Monday?
Prospective jurors for the federal case will appear in US District Court in Charleston. From 3,000 people who received jury summonses, the group has been whittled down to 512. Starting Monday, groups of 10 people at a time will gather in the courtroom for questioning until attorneys narrow it down to 70 people for the next stage of the selection process, WACH said. The jurors will be chosen from the Charleston area.
When will the trial start?
Nobody knows for sure. It’s unclear when the jury of 12 primary jurors and six alternates will be picked. According to the Charleston City Paper, US District Judge Richard Gergel said opening statements from prosecutors and defense lawyers might start in late November or early December. Breaks would probably be called during Thanksgiving and possibly the Christmas holidays. So the trial could easily carry over into the new year.
Roof faces 33 federal charges: nine counts of violating the Hate Crime Act resulting in death; three counts of violating the Hate Crime Act involving an attempt to kill; nine counts of obstruction of exercise of religion resulting in death; three counts of obstruction of exercise of religion involving an attempt to kill and use of a dangerous weapon; nine counts of use of a firearm to commit murder during and in relation to a crime of violence.
What is the possible punishment?
He could be sentenced to death. In announcing its intention to seek the death penalty, the US Justice Department cited several aggravating factors, including Roof’s desire to incite violence and picking his victims “in order to magnify the societal impact of the offenses charged in the indictment.”
Will Roof be tried on murder charges?
Yes. He faces nine counts of murder and other charges in the state court system. Charleston County Solicitor Scarlett Wilson has said she also will seek the death penalty. The state trial is scheduled to start January 17, 2017, in Charleston.
Shot to death were the Rev. Sharonda Coleman-Singleton, 45; Cynthia Hurd, 54; Susie Jackson, 87; Ethel Lee Lance, 70; the Rev. DePayne Middleton-Doctor, 49; the Rev. Clementa Pinckney, 41; Tywanza Sanders, 26; the Rev. Daniel Simmons, Sr., 74; and Myra Thompson, 59. Pinckney also was a state senator.
Citing their Christian beliefs, they expressed forgivenessin a court hearing days after the massacre. “I will never be able to hold her again, but I forgive you,” a daughter of Ethel Lance said. “And have mercy on your soul.”
Pinckney’s widow, Jennifer Pinckney, has advocated for stricter state gun laws. Some family members filed wrongful death lawsuits against the federal government, alleging Roof should not have been able to purchase the gun used in the killings, the Post and Courier said.
Local ministers, officials and members of the NAACP held a joint news conference October 31 and pleaded for peace during the Roof trial, as well as during another racially charged proceeding.
Michael Slager, a former North Charleston police officer,is being tried for murder in the death of Walter Scott, who was fatally shot in April 2015. Slager is white and Scott was black.
Charleston Mayor John Tecklenburg told the Post and Courier: “I hope and believe we will be an inspiration to everyone not in just how to conduct a trial but in how we can constructively move forward and treat everyone with love and respect rather than hate,” he said.
How has the church reacted?
Mother Emanuel church, a leader in African-American life in Charleston since the 1800s, is conducting a get-out-the-vote drive ahead of Tuesday’s election.
Last July, the church held a one-year anniversary ceremony to mark the killings and designated July 21 Acts of Amazing Grace Day, when everyone was encouraged to perform “their own personal act of amazing grace.”
Mother Emanuel still holds a Bible study class at 6 p.m. on Wednesdays.