China, officially the People’s Republic of China (PRC), is a unitary sovereign state in Asia. With a population of over 1.381 billion, it is the world’s most populous country.The state is governed by the Communist Party of China based in the capital of Beijing.

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It exercises jurisdiction over 22 provinces, five autonomous regions, four direct-controlled municipalities (Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, and Chongqing), two mostly self-governing special administrative regions (Hong Kong and Macau), and claims sovereignty over Taiwan. The country’s major urban areas include Shanghai, Guangzhou, Beijing, Chongqing, Shenzhen, Tianjin and Hong Kong.

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China is a great power and a major regional power within Asia, and has been characterized as a potential superpower.

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