the Republican nomination for President of the United States in the 2016 election. Trump is the Chairman and President of The
Trump Organization, as well as the founder of the gaming and hotel enterprise, Trump Entertainment Resorts, now owned by Carl
Trump is a son of New York City real estate developer Fred Trump and worked for his father’s firm, Elizabeth Trump & Son, while
attending college. After graduating in 1968 from the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, he joined the company, and
in 1971 was given control, later renaming it The Trump Organization. Trump has since built casinos, golf courses, hotels, and other
properties, many of which bear his name.
Trump and his businesses, as well as his three marriages, have received prominent media exposure. He hosted The Apprentice, a
popular NBC reality show, from 2004 to 2015.Trump first campaigned for the U.S. presidency in 2000, winning two Reform Party primaries. On June 16, 2015, he again announced
his candidacy for president, this time as a Republican. Trump became known for his opposition to illegal immigration and various
free trade agreements, as well as his frequently non-interventionist views on foreign policy, and quickly emerged as the Republican
nomination front-runner. As of April 26, 2016, he has won 27 contests in the 2016 Republican presidential primaries.
Donald Trump was born on June 14, 1946, in the New York City borough of Queens. He was the fourth among five children
of Mary Anne (née MacLeod; 1912–2000), a homemaker and philanthropist,and Fred Trump (1905–1999), a real estate developer.
His mother was born at Tong on the Scottish island of Lewis and Harris.In 1930, aged 18, she visited the United States and met
Fred Trump. They were married in 1936 and settled in Jamaica Estates, Queens, as Fred Trump eventually became one of the city’s
biggest real estate developers.Trump has one brother, Robert (born 1948), and two sisters: Maryanne (born 1937) and
Elizabeth (born 1942). Maryanne is a United States federal judge on senior status for the United States Court of Appeals for the Third
Circuit. Another brother, Fred Jr. (1938–1981), died of complications from alcoholism.
Trump’s father was born in Woodhaven, Queens, to Elizabeth (née Christ) and Frederick Trump, immigrants who moved to the
United States from Kallstadt, Germany in 1885. Frederick worked as a successful Klondike Gold Rush restaurateur and possibly
as a brothel keeper. In a 1976 New York Times biographical profile, and again in his 1987 book, The Art of the Deal, Trump
incorrectly stated that Frederick Trump was of Swedish origin, an assertion that Fred Trump made for many years ostensibly
because “he had a lot of Jewish tenants and it wasn’t a good thing to be German”, according to a nephew identified as a family
historian by The New York Times.Donald Trump later acknowledged his German ancestry and served as grand marshal of the
1999 German-American Steuben Parade in New York City.
The family had a two-story mock Tudor Revival home on Wareham Place in Jamaica Estates,where Trump lived while attending
The Kew-Forest School. At Kew-Forest, Fred Trump served as a member of the Board of Trustees. Due to behavior problems, Trump
left the school at age 13 and was enrolled in the New York Military Academy (NYMA). In 1983, Fred told an interviewer that Donald
“was a pretty rough fellow when he was small.” Trump finished eighth grade and high school at NYMA. During his senior year,
Trump participated in marching drills and wore a uniform, attaining the rank of captain. In 2015, he told a biographer that NYMA
gave him “more training militarily than a lot of the guys that go into the military.”
Trump has said that when he graduated from college in 1968, he was worth about US$200,000 (equivalent to $1,021,000 in 2015).
At age 23, he made an unsuccessful commercial foray into show business, investing $70,000 to become co-producer of the 1970
Broadway comedy “Paris Is Out!”, which flopped. Trump began his real estate career at his father’s company, Elizabeth
Trump and Son,which focused on middle-class rental housing in the New York City boroughs of Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten
Island. During his undergraduate study, one of Trump’s first projects had been the revitalization of the foreclosed Swifton Village
apartment complex in Cincinnati, Ohio, which his father had purchased for $5.7 million in 1962. Fred and Donald Trump became
involved in the project and, with a $500,000 investment, turned the 1,200-unit complex’s occupancy rate from 34% to 100%. Trump
oversaw the company’s 14,000 apartments across Brooklyn, Queens, and Staten Island. In 1972, The Trump Organization sold
Swifton Village for $6.75 million.
In 1971, Trump moved to Manhattan, where he became involved in larger construction projects, and used attractive architectural
design to win public recognition. Trump initially came to public attention in 1973 when he was accused by the Justice
Department of violations of the Fair Housing Act in the operation of 39 buildings, including false “no vacancy” statements, and
sham leases presenting higher rents to minority applicants, to facilitate the denial of housing to racial minorities. Trump in turn
accused the Justice Department of targeting his company because it was a large one, and in order to force it to rent to welfare
recipients. After an unsuccessful countersuit filed by attorney Roy Cohn, Trump settled the charges in 1975 without admitting
guilt, saying he was satisfied that the agreement did not “compel the Trump organization to accept persons on welfare as tenants
unless as qualified as any other tenant.”The Trump Organization was again in court several years later for violating terms of the
Trump Tower occupies the former site of the architecturally significant Bonwit Teller flagship store, demolished in 1980.
There was controversy when valuable Art Deco bas-relief sculptures on its facade, which were supposed to go to the Metropolitan
Museum of Art, were destroyed during the demolition process.In addition, the demolition of the Bonwit Teller store was
criticized for a contractor’s use of some 200 undocumented Polish immigrant workers, who, during the rushed demolition process,
were reportedly paid 4–5 dollars per hour for work in 12-hour shifts.Trump testified in 1990 he rarely visited the site and was
unaware of the illegal workers, some of whom lived at the site and who were known as the “Polish Brigade.” A judge ruled in 1991
that the builders engaged in “a conspiracy to deprive the funds of their rightful contribution”, referring to the pension and welfare
funds of the labor unions.However, the record became sealed when long-running labor lawsuit was settled in 1999, after 16
years in court.
Trump Taj Mahal
The Trump Taj Mahal is a casino on the boardwalk in Atlantic City, New Jersey, United States. The casino was opened by then-owner
Donald Trump in April 1990, and was built at a total cost of nearly one billion dollars. Financed with $675 million in junk bonds at
a 14% interest rate, the project entered Chapter 11 bankruptcy the following year, with Trump ceding 50% equity ownership to
bondholders. The property was repurchased in 1996 and consolidated into Trump Hotels & Casino Resorts, which filed for
bankruptcy in 2004 with $1.8 billion in debt, filing again for bankruptcy five years later with $50 million in assets and $500 million in
debt. The restructuring ultimately left Trump with 10% ownership in the Trump Taj Mahal and other Trump casino properties.
Trump served as chairman of the organization, which was renamed Trump Entertainment Resorts, from mid-1995 until early 2009,
and served as CEO from mid-2000 to mid-2005.
Its sister property, Trump Plaza Hotel and Casino, closed in September 2014. In November 2014, the Trump Taj Mahal threatened to
close and cease casino and hotel operations by the end of the year if the union would not drop its appeal of the casino’s bankruptcy
ruling, rebuffing their demand for continued health insurance and pension coverage. On December 18, 2014 the Trump Taj Mahal
reached an agreement with its union and kept the casino open, but did not restore the contested benefits.
From 1996 until 2015, when he sold his interests to WME/IMG, Trump owned part or all of the Miss Universe, Miss USA, and
Miss Teen USA beauty pageants. Among the most recognized beauty pageants in the world, the Miss Universe pageant was founded
in 1952 by the California clothing company Pacific Mills.
World Wrestling Entertainment
Trump has been publicly shown to be a World Wrestling Entertainment fan and is a friend of WWE owner Vince McMahon. He has
hosted two WrestleMania events in the Trump Plaza and has been an active participant in several of the shows. Trump’s Trump
Taj Mahal in Atlantic City was host to the 1991 WBF Championship (which was owned by WWE, known at the time as the “World
Wrestling Federation”). He also appeared in WrestleMania VII. Trump was interviewed by Jesse Ventura ringside at WrestleMania
He also appeared at WrestleMania 23 in a match called “The Battle of the Billionaires.” Trump was in the corner of Bobby
Lashley, while Vince McMahon was in the corner of Lashley’s opponent Umaga with Stone Cold Steve Austin as the special guest
referee. The stipulation of the match was hair versus hair, which meant that either Trump or McMahon would have their head
shaved if their competitor lost.Lashley won the match, and he and Trump shaved McMahon bald.
Trump runs as a self-described conservative, particularly as it relates to fiscal and religious matters. As it extends to social issues such as same-sex marriage and abortion, some political analysts infer Trump to be a “moderate.” He campaigns on
a platform that puts great emphasis on American patriotism, with a significant disdain for political correctness. He is running
counter to the Republican establishment, which widely opposes his candidacy, doubting his chances of winning the general election
and fearing he could cause significant change to the image of the Republican Party. However, Trump’s candidacy has largely
succeeded, partly because of widespread media coverage, his ability to self-finance his campaign and not be reliant on super PACs,
frequent endorsements, and the idea that he and his supporters call “telling it like it is.”
Although many of Trump’s proposed policies largely appeal to working-class voters, political pundits deem some of them highly
controversial and unrealistic, including the deportation of around 11 million illegal immigrants in the U.S., the erection of a
substantial wall on the Mexico–United States border, expanded use of aggressive interrogation techniques, and a temporary ban on
Muslims entering the United States. Trump’s persona has also come under fire, with political contenders describing him as
“divisive”, “unserious”, and a “bully”, denouncing the frequent personal attacks he makes on journalists, politicians, and competing
Trump has also employed strong rhetoric on religion, and has strongly supported Christian groups in the U.S., claiming that he will
reverse unfavourable tax treatments preventing them from expressing themselves in the political arena and promising to revive a
more widespread use of the phrase “Merry Christmas” instead of “Happy Holidays” in department stores. Other issues he highlights
include taking care of military veterans, making the military “strong”, aggressive bombing of the Mideast terrorist group ISIS,
surveillance of certain mosques in the U.S., and getting trade agreements more favorable to American workers.
Trump has had three marriages, the first two ending in divorce, which have been well documented in the tabloid media. His
personal life has gained extensive media coverage.Trump married his first wife Czech model Ivana Zelníčková at age 30 on April 7, 1977, at the Marble Collegiate Church in Manhattan.
Trump says that he is of Presbyterian faith.In an April 2011 interview on the 700 Club, he commented: “I’m a Protestant, I’m a
Presbyterian. And you know I’ve had a good relationship with the church over the years. I think religion is a wonderful thing. I think
my religion is a wonderful religion.” Trump told a 2015 South Carolina campaign audience he attends Marble Collegiate
Church, where he married his first wife Ivana in 1977. The church has said he is “not an active member.” Trump has said that
although he participates in Holy Communion, he has not asked God for forgiveness for his sins. He stated, “I think if I do something
wrong, I think, I just try and make it right. I don’t bring God into that picture.”
In 1983, the Reverend Norman Vincent Peale, described in a New York Times profile as Trump’s “pastor” and “family minister”, said
that Trump was “kindly and courteous in certain business negotiations and has a profound streak of honest humility.” Trump
calls his own book The Art of the Deal (1987) “my second favorite book of all time,” and has told campaign audiences: “Do you
know what my first is? The Bible! Nothing beats the Bible.”Declining to name his favorite Bible verse, Trump said “I don’t
like giving that out to people that you hardly know.”
According to a New York state report, Trump circumvented corporate and personal campaign donation limits in the 1980s by
donating money to candidates from 18 different business subsidiaries, rather than giving primarily in his own name.
Trump told investigators he did so on the advice of his lawyers. He also said the contributions were not to curry favor with
business-friendly candidates, but simply to satisfy requests from friends.