The agitation, by National Coordinator of Education Workers (CNTE) memberswas in response to the imposition of mandatory testing of teachers as part of Mexico’s education reform. The protest also stopped the arrest of union leaders on money laundering charges among others.
The union leaders set up an illegal financial network to fund protests and for personal benefits. They assert the scheme operated in 2013-2015 when the union controlled the payroll of Oaxaca’s teachers, federal prosecutors alleged. On 19 June, the protestors of Oaxaca threw stones and Molotov cocktails and burned vehicles.
In a late-night press conference, Oaxaca State Governor Gabino Cue said the death toll increased to six from Nochixtlan clashes. Around 53 civilians, 41 federal police agents and 14 state police agents were injured. In a previous statement, a state official had claimed that a police officer had been killed.Mexico’s federal government released a statement saying 21 members of the federal police had been wounded. However, footage filmed by The AP shows at least one police officer firing a gun several times, although it is not clear as to whether he was a state or federal agent.
Clashes continued outside of Oaxaca City and in the municipalities of San Pablo Huitzo and Santiaguito, where protesters even burned federal police installations.