Chloe, from Rochdale, died of her injuries in hospital while the 19-year-old male driver of the car was left with a serious head injury.
Two girls, both aged 17, and a boy of 16 are also being treated in hospital after the tragic incident in Rochdale.
Police urged the driver of a black cab believed to have been at the scene at 2.20am to come forward.
PC Neil Pennington said: ‘This has been a tragic incident and our thoughts are with the family of Chloe at this distressing time.
‘We are appealing for anyone who may have been at the scene, particularly the driver of the black cab, or anyone who saw the Renault Clio moments before the collision to come forward.’
Last night, friends of Chloe paid tribute to her. One pal wrote: ‘Too young. Was such a lovely girl & I hope God looks afteryou up there. Fly high gorgeous.’
Another friend added: ‘Sooo beautiful!!!! Love you so much gunna missyou like mad!! Things aren’t gunna be the same.’
Dozens of flowers and cards were also left at the scene by well-wishers and friends of the teenager.
Witnesses who may have seen the collision to contact police as soon as possible on 0161 856 4745, 101, or contact the independent charity Crimestoppers anonymously, on 0800 555 111.